Asset Turnover Ratio: Definition & Formula

asset turnover ratio analysis

The asset turnover ratio is calculated by dividing net sales or revenue by the average total assets. Fixed Asset and Total Asset turnover ratios reflect how effectively the company is using its assets, i.e., their ability to generate revenue from the given assets. Fixed asset turnover ratio measures how much revenue a company generates from every dollar of fixed assets. Total asset turnover ratio measures how much revenue a company generates from every dollar of the total assets. Asset turnover ratio is an important metric used in financial analysis that measures a company’s ability to generate revenue from its assets. It is a measure of how efficiently a company uses its assets to generate sales.

Let’s say that in its first year Linda’s Jewelry earns $35,000 in net revenue. This means that the company is less effective at generating income from its assets and thus should try to optimize its revenue cycle. A thorough analysis considers the asset turnover ratio in conjunction with other measures, such as return on assets, for a clearer picture of a company’s performance. It’s important to note that the asset turnover ratio is based on industry standards and some industries are likely to have better ratios than others. So to be able to use the asset turnover ratio effectively it needs to be compared to other companies in the same industry.

Applicability of non-current asset Turnover Ratio in Decision Making by Management

Conversely, a lower ratio indicates the company is not using its assets as efficiently. Same with receivables – collections may take too long, and credit accounts may pile up. Fixed assets such as property, plant, and equipment (PP&E) could be unproductive instead of being used to their full capacity. Clearly, it would not make sense to compare the asset turnover ratios for Walmart and AT&T, since they operate in very different industries. But comparing the relative asset turnover ratios for AT&T compared with Verizon may provide a better estimate of which company is using assets more efficiently in that industry. The asset turnover ratio measures the value of a company’s sales or revenues relative to the value of its assets.

asset turnover ratio analysis

Company A reported beginning total assets of $199,500 and ending total assets of $199,203. Over the same period, the company generated sales of $325,300 with sales returns of $15,000. While the asset turnover ratio should be used to compare stocks that are similar, the metric does not provide all of the detail that would be helpful for stock analysis.

Example of the Total Asset Turnover Ratio

They are not doing as well as other companies, even though they make $3.40 for every dollar in assets. Among the more important considerations for investors when evaluating a company is how efficiently it utilizes its assets to produce revenue. These companies have greater potential to grow and compound their earnings over time. Like with most ratios, the asset turnover ratio is based on industry standards.

asset turnover ratio analysis

If a company has an asset turnover ratio of 5 it would mean that each $1 of assets is generating $5 worth of revenue. This is favorable because it is a sign that the company is using its assets efficiently. Companies calculate this ratio on an annual basis, and higher asset turnover ratios are preferred by investors and creditors compared to lower ones. You can calculate Brandon’s Bread Company’s total assets turnover ratio by dividing its net sales by average total sales. The asset turnover ratio is expressed as a number instead of a percentage so that it can easily be used to compare companies in the same industry.

What is Non-current Asset Turnover Ratio?

To get a true sense of how well a company’s assets are being used, it must be compared to other companies in its industry. Therefore, maintenance management within the company must concern itself with controlling costs, scheduling work appropriately and efficiently and confirming regulatory compliance. The asset turnover ratio for each company is calculated as net sales divided by average total assets.

An asset turnover ratio of 4.76 means that every $1 worth of assets generated $4.76 worth of revenue. But whether a particular ratio is good or bad depends on the industry in which your company operates. Some industries are simply more asset-intensive than others are, so their overall turnover ratios will be lower. For example, a service business that runs primarily on “brain power,” such as a financial advisory firm, doesn’t require as many physical assets as, say, a delivery company that must maintain a fleet of vehicles.

Analysis of Low Profit Margin and Low Return on Assets

While the asset turnover ratio considers average total assets in the denominator, the fixed asset turnover ratio looks at only fixed assets. The fixed asset turnover ratio (FAT) is, in general, used by analysts to measure operating performance. This efficiency ratio compares net sales (income statement) to fixed assets (balance sheet) and measures a company’s ability to generate net sales from property, plant, and equipment (PP&E).

What is a good asset turnover ratio?

In the retail sector, an asset turnover ratio of 2.5 or more could be considered good, while a company in the utilities sector is more likely to aim for an asset turnover ratio that's between 0.25 and 0.5.

It is possible that a company’s asset turnover ratio in any single year differs substantially from previous or subsequent years. Investors should review the trend in the asset turnover ratio over time to determine whether asset usage is improving or deteriorating. A system that began being used during the 1920s to evaluate divisional performance across a corporation, DuPont analysis calculates a company’s return on equity (ROE). The asset turnover ratio is most useful when compared across similar companies.

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Companies with fewer assets on their balance sheet (e.g., software companies) tend to have higher ratios than companies with business models that require significant spending on assets. The average total assets can be found by adding the beginning assets to the ending assets and dividing this sum by two. Industries with low profit margins tend to generate a higher ratio and capital-intensive industries tend to report a lower ratio.

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